Opinion | Why the National Security Service is abusing its powers and laws of South Sudan

By Juol Nhomngek Gec

Members of South Sudan’s National Security Service in a pickup vehicle – NSS

JUBA – On September 22, 2020 I learned of the fact that Mr. Kanybil Noon who was arrested and illegally detained sometime back  was released from the illegal detention in the Blue House or from National Security Service Headquarters without charges.

The release came after  117 days since he was arrested and detained on May 29, 2020. Kanybil   spent all those days illegally behind bars. Sadly,  one of the conditions given to him for his release is that he must not speak against the establishment.

With that condition for his release or warning to Mr. Kanybil to keep quiet indefinitely even in the face of the destruction of the country, it has now become clearer now that the National Security service in South Sudan is rather protecting the establishment than South Sudan.

I thought that the National Security Service of South Sudan as the name itself depicts  would subscribe to and protect the values of South Sudan, which are reflected in the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011 as amended.

Some of the values of South Sudan enshrined in our Constitution referred to above  are justice, liberty, prosperity, social contract, fair hearing and respect for human rights. Bill of rights in our Constitution is very clear on some of these values.

It is therefore logical that a body like National Security Service of South Sudan  established to protect the National Security is supposed to know that its main duty is to protect the Constitution not the establishment. This means that where the interest of the Establishment contravenes the provisos of the Constitution, the establishment has to be investigated for being against the National Security.

However, despite the existence of the ample  pieces of evidence, which show  that the establishment is against the National interest, the National is not ready to question the activities of the Establishment that are against the National Interest.

The destruction of Bahr El Ghazal road project, the glaring and deadly corruption that has left the nation economically paralysed or  backrupt are some of the instances where we see  the establishment poses a real  threat to National Security though the National tends to ignore such dangerous acts of establishment.

Instead of dealing with those individuals who are using the establishment to destroy the Nation, the National Security has become complicit to the destruction of the Nation by  silencing or destroying the destroying those patriotic citizens who are conscious of f their Constitutional duty while protecting the rotten establishment.

It is an ironical for the body like National  Security Service that is the source of insecurity in the country to be called the National Security. It is in fact the national insecurity.  As the Human Rights Watch once observed,  there is an urgent need to  enact reforms of the National Security Service (NSS) to end arbitrary detention and abuse of detainees.

The role of National Security Service since its establishment after the  independence of South Sudan has been  a negative one. As the Human Rights Watch also observed, “South Sudan’s national security agency has for years carried out a full-blown assault on critics of the government and political opponents in brazen disregard for basic rights,”.

The problem with the National Security is that it has absolute powers that makes it absolutely corrupt.  Due to its unlimited powers, the National Security has been involved even in the functions that it has no power to exercise.

The clear example is that it is playing the role of what National Army, the role of the police service, the role of judiciary, the role of private sector. The National Security is in fact everything and holsa all the powers of organized forces in South Sudan.

It is because of  that the Human Rights Watch has repeatedly called on the South Sudanese authorities to limit NSS powers to intelligence gathering, as envisioned by the Transitional Constitution of 2011, which mandates the agency to “focus on information gathering, analysis and to advise the relevant authorities.”

As explained in the foregoing paragraph, the role of National Security is only to collect the information and then analyze and it is from that information the National Security can advise the relevant authorities on how to deal with the matter as found by the intelligence.

Unfortunately as it has been witnessed several times and in the present case of Kanybil and other South Sudanese who are rotting away in illegal detention centres under the National Security, the National Security ” has increased repression of critics, eroding the space for opposing views and critical public dialogue”.

The arbitrarily detention and abuse of human rights by the National Security is not only limited to Juba but it is being experienced acroaa the country. For instance as the Human Rights Watch reported “In early February 2020, , National Security  officers in Maridi allegedly detained a sports journalist for “spreading wrong information against the state” and beat him with a stick and pipe”.

Again  in January, 2020, the Human Rights Watch reported that  National Security  officers arrested Ijoo Bosco, a journalist working with a local radio station in Torit, reportedly for airing news on United States government sanctions against the Former  First  Vice President, Taban Deng Gai, for human rights abuses.

Another report on Bahr El Ghazal was that in December 2019, National Security  officers arrested and detained an assistant lecturer at the University of Western Bar el Ghazal in Wau for reportedly mobilizing rebel fighters against the peace agreement’s security arrangements. He was released in January 2020  without charge.

In Juba, it is very clear that hundreds of people  are being held in the Blue House, in Juba. Those detained in Blue House include security sector personnel held for disciplinary purposes and civilians held without charges,.

Sadly, they have been detained  for long periods as the  National Security Act of South Sudan  grants the National Security officers broad powers of arrest, detention, search, seizure, and surveillance and to detain citizens beyond the Constitutional period.

The National Security Act does not provide the guarantees to prevent arbitrary detention and torture or other ill-treatment, which are clear violation of South Sudan Constitution, African Charter on Human and People’s Rights the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Charter of 1945 and the UN  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966.

The National Security as an institution is a relic of Sudanese oppression that was intended in Sudan to destroy the Southerners and their Northern sympathizers. It I that law which has been wholesomely copied and pasted in the establishment of South Sudan.

The National Security as an institution is intended to protect the interest of the ruling elites. Hence, South Sudanese ” political elites are benefiting from the relative stability and access to an economy benefits through the role of National Security.

In summary, the National Security has reached the zenith of its abuse of power by being ready to detain any person without charges as long as they deem fit as a way of silencing the critics against the Government. It is the duty of every South Sudan to strong against the illegal exercise of power by the National Security.

All South Sudanese should struggle to make sure that the National Security Service powers are streamlined. Its powers should be reduced do only intelligence gathering, analysing the information based on clear evidence and advise relevant authorities to deal with the threats contained in the information.

The National should be reduced into civilian dressing code instead of having two National armies as it is the case in South Sudan. In South Sudan, South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF) is the National Army which should be the only National Army of South Sudan instead of creating another National Army indirectly. This is destruction of South Sudan and shouldn’t be allowed to continue.

The author is a member of the SPLM-IO in Lakes State.


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

State House J1 should remove Ateny Wek Ateny and professionalize its press unit

By Chol Duang

South Sudan presidential press secretary Ateny Wek Ateny speaking to reporters at J1 in 2015 [Photo via Getty Images]

South Sudan presidential press secretary Ateny Wek Ateny speaking to reporters at J1 in 2015 [Photo via Getty Images]

OPINION – Last month or so, I penned a revealing article about Ateny Wek Ateny, J1’s self-proclaimed Presidential Press Secretary. In that article I attempted to help free all reporters under him from his exploitative working relationship. Public reacted with shock, but gravitated towards his complete removal. Inside J1, Ateny has painfully tried to accuse people who never met or spoke to me.

Just to clarify: I do not have any personal vendetta with Ateny Wek Ateny to settle. In fact, he’s a senior member in my community, which gives him a lot of advantage over me — age wise, experience and community contribution or service. Although Ateny is not a trained journalist,  he claims to be one, meaning I (begrudgingly) see him as a senior Journalism colleague too.

As a journalist, I’m strongly guided by ethics and laws of Journalism and aware of legal consequences involved. Another point I intend to dismiss here is a view that I may’ve  been envious of my colleagues working at the Presidency, that I’m a bitter reporter. It’s not true. I’m a brother’s keep.

With due respect, Ateny Wek Ateny is the reason why many people ridicule  J1 Press Office; he’s the source of incompetence, cluelessness, embarrassment and transactional employment of non-journalists. Many more people today make fun of president kiir for keeping scammers like Ateny Wek around him.

For example, Ateny Wek individually attends funerals and weddings, where he would say he’s “representing the President; speaking on behalf of the President; sent by the President.” One wonders why is the president invited to almost all South Sudanese weddings and funerals, including those he might not have heard?

In his most recent interview with a one Ajak Deng Chengkou, following Biar Ajak’s  chilling accounts of sodomization and torture at Blue House, Ateny Wek abrasively answered that he would be convinced that sodomization took place if he saw a pregnant male South Sudanese prisoner. Who does that?

J1 should quickly move to send Ateny home, because he’s severally embarrassed the President, staff and exploited his poor J1 reporters for money.  As I write this, Ateny Wek is plotting to replace innocent and hard-working Journalists with more non-journalists who’re pliant for use.

The country has media professionals who’re far more experienced to run J1’s media. For how long can you allow him to destroy the image of J1 and President Kiir?

Chol Duang is a South Sudanese journalist, political campaigner, and literacy activist.


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

Why General Michael Chiangjiek Geay deserves reappointment to the ministry of interior –  part one

By Damosip Deng  Akook

Former interior minister Michael Chiangjiek Geay [Photo via Facebook]

Former interior minister Michael Chiangjiek Geay [Photo via Facebook]

OPINION – Before the appointment of Hon. Gen Michael Chiangjiek as a minister of interior in 2016, the citizens of South Sudan were experiencing high crime rates like insecurity inform of unknown gunmen, highway robberies, night and day robberies, etc. However, all these crimes particularly the unknown gunmen became a thing of the past in Juba and other major towns after the president of the Republic of South Sudan appointed an experienced liberator, Lt Gen Michael Chiangjiek Geay, as the National  Minister of Interior in 2016. The appointment of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek as a Minister of Interior in 2016 resulted into immediate end of unknown gunmen, night robberies, highway robberies, and many other forms of crimes.  His appointment as a Minister of Interior in 2016 led to the transformation and reformation of South Sudan Police Service into a professional police force.

The success of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek in ending crimes and transforming police, is attributed to his long term experiences in the security sector particularly the knowledge he had gained in the liberation struggle when he was a head of military intelligence in Western Upper Nile from 2003-2005. Gen. Michael Chiangjiek has a vast practical and theoretical knowledge in security sector and this explains why he succeeded in executing his roles and duties as a National Minister of Interior from 2016 to 2020. For those who don’t know the academic background of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek. Gen. Michael Chiangjiek holds a master degree in security studies and he is currently a PhD candidate. Prior to this, he has a practical knowledge in security which he gained during liberation struggle (1983_2005) particularly when he was in SPLA signal unit from 1991 to 1993, GIS and PS Director from 1998 to 1999, Director for military intelligence in Western Upper Nile from 2003 to 2005.

In March, 2020 during the formation of the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity, President Salva Kiir Mayardit shifted Gen. Michael Chiangjiek Gray from the ministry of Interior to the National Ministry of Land, Housing and Urban Development. Following his removal from the National Ministry of Interior, the high crime rates inform of unknown gunmen, robberies which his leadership managed to eradicate during his tenure ( 2016-2020)  became the things of the day in Juba City and other major towns across South Sudan. Gen. Michael Chiangjiek Geay succeeded in creating a conductive environment, freed from unknown gunmen, night & day robberies, highway robberies and other forms of crimes in Juba City and other towns. The following were the achievements of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek Geay during his tenure as a National Minister of Interior from  2016 to 2020.

  1. Stabilisation of security through the eradication of all forms of crimes across S. Sudan

In fact, the citizens of South Sudan were living in fear of unknown gunmen, Toronto boys, and other criminals before the appointment of Gen. Michael as a national minister of Interior. However, the appointment of Gen. Michael as a minister of interior in 2016 rescued the citizens from unknown gunmen, Toronto boys etc. It is undeniable that the then minister of interior Lt Gen. Michael Chiangjiek ( 2016-2020) combated all forms of crimes in Juba City and other areas in South Sudan. The fear of criminals was completely erased from the mind of South Sudanese during the tenure of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek as a minister of interior. This is because 90% of the criminals were incarcerated  by the police forces and 10% of those criminals abandoned the criminal activities due to the fear of being arrested by the police forces under the leadership of Gen. Michael Chiangjiek.  Juba City and other towns were like paradise during the tenure of Chiangjiek as a minister of interior (2016-March 2020) because they were freed from unknown gunmen, Toronto boys and other criminals.

  1. Reformation and transformation of South Sudan Police Service

The then minister of Interior Lt. Gen Michael Chiangjiek transformed the police force from a unprofessional force into a professional police force. He accomplished the reformation of police through training, recruitment of educated youth into police, strengthening of police to combat crimes and human trafficking, timely administering of funds for police patrolling unit and operations, maintain of discipline among the police forces.

In conclusion, the entire citizens of South Sudan are appealing to the President to reappoint Hon. Lt Gen Michael Chiangjiek to the National Ministry of Interior. His reappointment as a national minister of interior will rescue the vulnerable citizens from the fear of unknown gunmen, Toronto boys and other criminals. The citizens are yearning for his reappointment to the ministry of interior because he will immediately combat all forms of crimes and recreate a conducive environment for all in Juba City and other areas in South Sudan.

The writer is a political analyst and a concerned citizen. He can be reached via: ayokthonakoon@gmail.com.


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

South Sudan: On right of access to information, media associations and related matters

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi

South Sudan journalists covering an even in the defunct Yei River state in 2016 [Photo via Facebook]

South Sudan journalists covering an even in the defunct Yei River state in 2016 [Photo via Facebook]

OPINION – South Sudan’s Right of Access to Information Act, 2013, in Section 35, enshrines the following:

1- The Minister (Minister responsible for Information and Broadcasting) shall in consultation with media associations and the civil society submit to the President a list of four candidates from which the President shall nominate the Information Commissioner and his or her Deputy to the National Legislative Assembly for vetting and approval.

2- The procedure for the appointment under subsection (1) of Section 35 of The Right of Access to Information Act shall be transparent, allowing opportunity for the public, media and civil society to make presentations to the select Committee of the National Legislative Assembly hearings concerning the candidates for appointment…

3- The Members nominated for appointment under subsection (1) and subsection (2) of Section 35 of The Right of Access to Information Act, shall be vetted by relevant committees of the National Legislative Assembly with due consideration for qualifications, merit, integrity, competence and moral standing of the person to be appointed as the Information Commissioner.

4- To be eligible for appointment as a Commissioner a person shall: (a) be a South Sudanese of more than 18 years with relevant qualifications (b) not be an official or employee of a political party; (c) not be a holder of an elected position at any level of Government; (d) not be an un-discharged bankrupt or insolvent.

Section 6(13)(n) of the Media Authority Act, 2013 provides that, among others, journalists shall have the right to form professional associations and to promote professionalism.

Indeed, right now, there is deadlock arising from technicalities of some sections of the Right of Access to Information Act.

Also, though there are media associations in South Sudan formed in line with the media laws, a number of them are pro secret political groupings pushing for selfish interests (harmful ones) of a few politicians, not national and public interests.

For this reason, good South Sudanese journalists and media personal should also form their media associations in line with Section 6(13)(n) of the Media Authority Act, 2013 so that they can participate effectively for national and public interests on matters such as future nomination of Information Commissioner and his or her Deputy as provided for in 35(1) of the Right of Access to Information Act, 2013. And also in several other nominations as per all the three media laws.

While it is good to implement the Revitalized Peace Agreement together with the institutional and legal reforms provided in it, the reforms needed in the three media laws should be worked on, especially through the Rome Peace Process through which existing positive peace efforts could be complemented. While prioritizing peace, it also means mentioning the Media Authority Act, 2013, The Right of Access to Information Act, 2013 and The Broadcasting Corporation Act, 2013, among those to be reformed, so as to ensure the right to freedom of expression, the right of the public to access information, and freedom of the press in South Sudan.

On how to improve those laws, read my book: Freedom of Expression and Media Laws in South Sudan, available in Bookshops in Nairobi and on Amazon.

Then, together with other reforms, it shall be possible to create that democratic South Sudan.

“The media, in South Sudan, like it is globally can offer a platform for various voices that seek to promote tolerance, dialogue, cohesion and compromise. This will ensure an all-inclusive national healing and dialogue and also shape the development agenda of the country,” said the then deputy chair of the ARCSS Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission while calling for the protection of fundamental principles of press freedom and an end of the crackdown on journalists in South Sudan. He was and still right.

Roger Alfred Yoron Modi is a South Sudanese journalist and the author of a new book Freedom of Expression and Media Laws in South Sudan, available in Nairobi and also online (on Amazon). He’s the Producer and Host of The Weekly Review: Making Sense of Relevant Topics and News, a program of Sawa Sawa Network and available on Sawa Sawa Network Facebook Page and YouTube Channel. Roger is also a former Editor-in-Chief of Radio Bakhita and former Managing Editor of Juba Monitor Newspaper. He can be reached via his email rogeryoron@gmail.com or twitter handle @RogerYoronModi.


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

Where are the basic necessities and the peaceful country that the SPLM promised during the liberation war?

By Emmanuel Turo Evans

A billboard in Juba featuring South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (left) and rebel leader Riek Machar (right) on April 14, 2016 [Photo by AFP & Getty Images]

A billboard in Juba featuring South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir (left) and rebel leader Riek Machar (right) on April 14, 2016 [Photo by AFP & Getty Images]

OPINION – South Sudan is currently undergoing worst economic crisis and the highest currency depreciation, the South Sudanese pound in less than four months lost almost 20 percent of its value against the US dollars, it is now fluctuating between 49/50 per 1 dollar, if not more. Food prices and other commodities are increasing everyday as usual, Many South Sudanese are been dropped from their work places either because their employers could not handle big number of employees because of COVID-19 which is understandable, but the worst is the current economic hardship which is causing business and company owners to cut the number of their employees.

Due to the economic hardship the number of South Sudanese who are begging are increasing day by day in the streets of Juba and I believe in other towns in South Sudan, you just need to visit the streets near the residents of some government officials and other institutions and see for yourself the burden and hardship that South Sudanese are going through, beggaring is now the only means for survival for some South Sudanese. The economic hardship have led to a total breakdown of our social norms, it is no longer shameful and bad thing to stand by the road side and beg for money or something to eat from unknown people, by the way I even witness this in Kampala, imagine in a foreign country our people are begging.

Because of the economic hardship in the county some of our sisters in Juba have resorted to prostitution, something which is almost a taboo in our cultures as South Sudanese. Many youth are getting frustrated and developing negative mindset day by day, hence political opportunist and war-mongers are using them to cause more pain and death to our people, destabilizing our already unstable country living South Sudanese hungry and destitute.

Juba is littered with kids in the streets selling things with the scorch sun on them, kids which are suppose to be in schools or at least to be home waiting for food on the table from their parents, are today the one feeding their families, with government doing nothing to protect them from being exploited and put into labor, I know you may be thinking and saying if this children did not work or sell things how will their families survive? If that is the reason, then where are the basic necessities and a peaceful country that SPLM/SPLA fought for and promise the people of South Sudan during the liberation struggle days and after the attainment of our independent in 2011?, or the promise was for a lucky few? Should the people of South Sudan now judge the SPLM/SPLA and drive the movement into the sea like what our late founding father Dr. John Garang de Mabior said one time that ‘‘if SPLM/SPLA continue to shout new Sudan, new Sudan and fails to provide basic necessities to the citizens, the civil population will drive SPLM/SPLA into the sea even though there is no sea in South Sudan and hence prefer the government in Khartoum because the government is giving them the basic necessities’’.

Indeed this are difficult days and times for South Sudan as a country and the people, but one really wonders what cause this mess and hardship that we are in it as a people and a country? Well, I think the entire members of SPLM from 1983 who are alive today to the last members who join this year should take responsibility and accept to have contributed in the hardship which the people of South Sudan are undergoing and for the destabilization and destruction of South Sudan, because most of those who took up arms and rebel against the government of South Sudan from 2005 up to now are/was either SPLM/SPLA historical or SPLA officers the military arm of the SPLM, the second reason is the lack of seriousness and jostling for power in the current Revitalize Transitional Government of National Unity and previous governments of South Sudan. SPLM has failed to deliver the promise it gave to the people of South Sudan, so the party is the cause of the current hardship and mess our country is witnessing.

I am cognizant of the fact that some people who are no longer members of SPLM will jump out of the bandwagon and want to be exonerated from any blame and responsibility of the current destruction and suffering of South Sudanese, I think it depends on what you contributed and did positively to the people of South Sudan as a member of SPLM, because I can tell you that you were either happy with the status qou and enjoying your eating, or had no voice and authority to question the party leadership about the wrong direction the party was/is taking, so instead of quitting the party and advocate for change from outside the party, you accepted to remain in the party while seeing South Sudanese suffer, or you have rebel one time and now enjoying the fruits of your rebellion while South Sudanese suffers, or was part of those who were eating big from government until you were remove from your post, then you rebel citing corruption and tribalism in the government that you were part of for years, that’s been insincere and hypocritical.

South Sudan current economic crisis and hardship is due to the failure of SPLM in governing and managing a country, it remain a revolutionary movement with military mindset, hence South Sudan is moving from bad to worst and if South Sudanese did not raise up to fix this country, South Sudanese will continue to suffer more in the hands of those who claims to be freedom fighters, yet in reality they have destroyed and tormented South Sudan while the children of those who sacrifice their lives for this country during liberation days are roaming the streets of Juba and other towns in South Sudan while their widows are now beggars.

Rebellion is no longer a means of achieving fundamental change and fixing South Sudan problems neither the current Revitalize Transitional Government of National Unity, I think South Sudanese citizens need to put more pressure to the government, especially using civil disobedience as the means and approach of achieving fundamental change, civil disobedience if properly planned will indeed put pressure to the government, I believe in civil disobedience because it is a nonviolent approach and means of achieving change, I know in our context and situation in South Sudan it looks difficult and almost impossible, but there is nothing which is impossible when there is zeal, commitment, and spirit of bravado of a united people calling for change in their country, it just requires bravery and spirit of nationalism, because united we stand divided we fall.

The author is a concerned citizen and can be reach the author through: turoemmanuel@yahoo.com.

Rape is an attack against women’s dignity in South Sudan

By Betty Yom Mageer

Activist Betty Yom [Photo courtesy]

Activist Betty Yom [Photo courtesy]

OPINION – Rape is one of the worst thing that can ever happen to a woman in the world. It is an experience that leave a woman with deep depression, low-self-esteem, low confidence, detestation and suicide feeling in life. It is an experience that every woman who has unfortunately experienced it regret deeply and always wonder why on earth can another human does such a horrible and inhuman thing to her in life without her consent. Rape is an experience that affect its victims in a physical, psychological and sociological way. Moreover, most rape survivors experience a stronger psychological effect in the initial period after their assault; however, many survivors may experience long-lasting psychological harm.

The survivors of rape may also often have anxiety and fear directly following their attack. According to a study on the reactions after rape by the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 96 percent of women said they were scared, shaking or trembling a few hours after their attack. After even more times passed, the previous symptoms decreased while the levels of depression, exhaustion and restlessness increased. Furthermore, after an attack, rape survivors experience heightened anxiety and fear. According to Dean G. Kilpatrick, a renowned psychologist; survivors of rape have high levels of anxiety and phobia-related anxiety such as; feelings of dread, feeling nervous, feeling tense or uneasy, having panic attacks, having an irrational response to certain stimuli and having avoidance.

Additionally, survivors of rape are more likely to attempt or commit suicide. The associations remain, even after controlling for sex, age, education, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and the presence of psychiatric disorders. The experience of being raped can lead to suicidal behavior as early as adolescence. In what had happened to them. Moreover, a study of adolescents in Brazil found prior sexual abuse to be a leading factor predicting several health risk behaviors, including suicidal thoughts and attempts. Furthermore, after a sexual assault, victims are subjected to investigations and in some cases, mistreatment. Victims undergo medical examinations and are interviewed by police. During the criminal trial, victims suffer a loss of privacy and their credibility may be challenged.

Sexual assault victims may also experience secondary victimization and victim blaming including, slut-shaming and cyberbullying. During criminal proceedings, publication bans and rape shield laws operate to protect victims from excessive public scrutiny. In addition to that, rape is really shameful in cultures with strong customs and taboos concerning sex and sexuality. For instance, a rape survivor may be viewed by society as being spoiled a victim in those cultures and he/she may suffer isolation, be disowned by friends and family be prevented from marrying, be divorced if already married or even killed. This phenomenon is known as secondary victimization. Secondary victimization is an outcome of the pressure women feel in some cultures to be married at a young age, and save themselves for marriage.

This isolation suggests that a woman’s whole life should be aimed at marriage, and if she is not married, then it mean that she has failed as a woman. While society targets secondary victimization mainly towards women, male victims can also feel disgraceful or experience a loss of purity. Moreover, secondary victimization is the re-traumatization of the sexual assault, abuse or rape victim through the responses of individuals and institutions. Types of secondary victimization include victim blaming and inappropriate post-assault behavior or language by medical workers or other organizations with which the victim has contact. secondary victimization is especially common in cases of drug-facilitated, acquaintance and statutory rape. Additionally, rape can lead to sexually transmitted diseases (STDS) such as HIV/AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhea and etc.

The rape survivors can contract sexually transmitted diseases in their lives which can endanger their health and cause death later on in life. Furthermore, rape is very rampant in South Sudan and it has been worsening by the civil wars that South Sudan has been experiencing for many years. In the three of regions of Upper Nile, Barh el- Ghazal and Equatoria. There have been many cases that has been reported by both humanitarian organizations, civil society, human rights watch, independent bodies and the media houses. Moreover, the most rape victims are always women and girls in the war-zone areas across the country. Women and girls have bear the consequences of rape cases in the country. And it is very unfortunate, evil and shameful for our country.

The rape against women is a big crime and crime against humanity and womankind in particularly. Additionally, it is reported that rape cases were done by all warring parties to the conflict in South Sudan. for example, the aid agency Medecins Sans Frontierres (MSF) said that last November it had treated 125 women and girls who were allegedly raped or ganged raped over a ten days’ period. Rape and sexual violence has been a consistent feature of South Sudan’s war and it has always been committed by all parties to the conflict. Moreover, rape is against the order of nature. Additionally, according the United Nation report which clearly mentioned the reality on the ground said that “armed opposition groups that remain non-signatories to the peace agreement intensified. Rape, sexual slavery and sexual torture were used for the purposes of intimidation and punishment, based on perceived political affiliation.

Moreover, sexual violence was employed as an ethnically based strategy, aimed at transforming the demographics of the region. Other areas such as Unity (16 incidents), Upper Nile (16 incidents), Western Bahr el-Ghazal (11 incidents), and Western Equatoria (8 incidents) were affected by active hostilities, arising either from internal strife generated by opposition groups or clashes between local militias characterized by a large presence of armed youth. The South Sudan People’s Defence Forces were implicated in 37 per cent of the cases”.

Finally, the above report by the United Nation (UN) clearly demonstrated the harsh and sad realities of rape and sexual violence in our country against innocent and vulnerable women and girls who faced such inhuman act in South Sudan. So we need come together as a country to fight and alter this shameful practice against women and girls in our nation. The humanitarian agencies, civil society, religious groups, youth, women and government need to work hard to eradicate and stop this evil practice which is an attack against women’s and girls’ dignity and rights in South Sudan. Rape is morally wrong and wicked and we need to put an end to it in South Sudan. I know a real South Sudanese gentleman cannot do such a horrible thing to a woman or girl but only an evil and fake man can do such thing to an innocent woman and girl in South Sudan.

The author is a women rights activists. He can be reached via: bettyyom2009@gmail.com.


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

Open letter to citizens of Lakes state worldwide

By, Cde Meen Gabriel Chol Kuac

Former Governor of Western Lakes state Mahmud Solomon [Photo via PaanLuel Wel]

Former Governor of Western Lakes state Mahmud Solomon [Photo via PaanLuel Wel]

OPINION – First and foremost I would like to take this Golden opportunity my Fellows citizens of Lakes state to greet all of you wherever you’re both in the Country and diaspora. I wish each and every one of you the good health and success.

To Begin, Lakes state is belong to all of us and that’s why if someone died in Diaspora or Countryside your Relatives, friends or family will bring your dead body for burial in Lakes state. Lakes state isn’t belong to one man or the leadership to think for whatever he like and nobody question it, because is not kingdom ship. Like the way some people think, Lakes state is Minor we see all our faces without racial, Ethics or oppression against other people.

Secondly, our Governor Makur Kulang on Sunday himself evening in the state house instructed his disgruntled youth to launched an unnecessary attack on social media to all his Rivals who competed with him during Campaigns and Example is our innocent Former Governor Sayid Rajul Salam Gen

Mahmoud Solomon

Cde Solomon left everything in the office including Executive pen in former defunct WLS office and many of his boys are insulting him now for no clear reason.

He Gen Mahmoud Solomon talk to all of his Soft Supporters, undecided supporters, true believer Supporters, difficult loyalists to stand and Rally behind the leadership of General Makur Kulang for him Kulang to Achieve Common Goal which is stability of our people but unfortunately he Kulang refused kalas to work with his Colleagues and assigned some disgruntled youth to Monitor any opinions on social media and report to his press units, for him to take the decision.

Dear, Citizens we don’t need to oppose his infant administration completely but we need to joint our hands together as Citizens of lakes state and make lakes state great Again in the history of south Sudan. Now I am appealing to all of you here and Diaspora communities leaderships to talk with our Governor to cease from that bad culture of instructing his greedy boys without good manner to insults innocent leaders who are not in the public office. Anyone who isn’t in public office isn’t eligible for there criticism.

Mark it, those Youth around him will bring 99.9% crisis to Gen Makur Kulang leadership since they where friends of crisis for previous Administrations and they need to apply the same tactics of inviting Limbo to program of state. Dear citizens please you talk with our Governor Gen Makur Kulang to take care for his problem the so called disgruntled youth around his Aims and objectives. I like his project for Agriculture as only weapon to defeat the useless poverty we invited to ourselves in Lakes state because of senseless fighting without victory. I like it completely and I agree with him.

In Conclusion, our Governor Makur Kulang if you really need the peace of mind for you to implement your Mission and Vision please withdrawn your statement of instructed your boys to immediately stop attacking Rajul Salam Gen Mahmoud Solomon and they rest of innocent leaders. Is one of bad thing to attack someone who is not in public office nowadays.

A Long live South Sudan

A Long live People of Lakes state

A Lovg live SPLM party

A long live Gen Makur Kulang

By, Cde Meen Gabriel Chol Kuac

The author is a concerned citizen of Lakes state and a SPLM activist. Reach him via: petermeen6@gmail.com


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

NAS is bigger than any cheap propaganda

By Sokiri LoPoni

General Thomas Cirilo Swaka with NAS flag behind him [Photo via Getty Images]

General Thomas Cirilo Swaka with NAS flag behind him [Photo via Getty Images]

OPINION – Every day passes, the struggles of our heroic people under the umbrella of the National Salvation Front, in which the dwarf organization known falsely and flirtatiously as SPLM-IO, led by Riek Machar, fails to break the National Salvation Front thorn whether by its continuous complicity with the regime’s militias in the attack on the positions of the National Salvation Front forces, or resorting to the cheap propaganda.

Yesterday, the SPLM-IO released its latest bankruptcy papers in everything related to politics in an attempt to cover up its connivance with the regime’s militias in targeting the people of South Sudan especially in the Greater Equatoria states to heal what is in the hearts of its leaders from the shame of treachery that is still haunting them as they become puppets in the hands, with which, the agreement for destroying the unity of our country is being implemented.

The clown political situation of the SPLM-IO which claimed liberation, but overnight, turned into a humiliating and aggressive follower against the will of our people for change in order to satisfy the aspirations of its leaders to sit on the chairs of shame is indeed a great setback.

Perhaps on this matter, it was expected in advance that they would not perform actions that differ from the disgraced chairs they sit on today as they strive to prove their loyalty to the regime through despicable actions as the video that has been circulated these days on social media by some elements of SPLM-IO while they celebrate the torture of one of its follower as usual.

This video is a clear evidence for the criminal acts that the SPLM-IO has been continually practicing against its members as it has a long history of physical assassination of its members and innocent civilian throughout the country and especially in the Greater Equatoria States.

Perhaps in regard this matter, our people know the brutal Gen. Moses Lukujo who is currently imprisoned because of his bloody actions in which he victimized many senior officers in the ranks of SPLA-IO and soldiers leave alone the civilians he killed in cold blood to the extent that, he reached with his barbaric acts in one of the refugee camps in the neighboring countries.

Through the testimony of acting Commander of Division 2 Sector 8 of SPLM-IO, Brigadier General Isaac Aminga himself, this time as usual, John Sebit Simon has become a victim of the plots of his leaders. He confirmed that the tortured soldier was the one who personally trained him in Akiba Yei River county.

The question that arises is, when and where did the recruiter John Sebit join the National Salvation Front, at a time the records of our forces refute this allegation made by the Intelligence of SPLM-IO?

There is no doubt that the leaked video is a cheap propaganda that does not differ much from the previous one as we are used to from the SPLM-IO Machar faction to achieve two things: either to cover up the crimes of its bloody leaders or to cover up the defeats of their forces. In both cases, the SPLM-IO this obnoxious style used it as a means of escaping from its shameful manner which was embodied by this leaked video.

Although we also agonized by their incessant defeats at the hands of our forces, but they did not leave us with another option as long as their forces are fighting on the wrong side. Therefore, it is our revolutionary duty to defend ourselves and the Civilians relentlessly. The promoters of this terrorist video will not victimized NAS which is struggling for the freedom and dignity of our people by all means in spite of their cheap propaganda that, in my opinion, provides a great service to the National Salvation Front in that is steadfast with our people in one trench.

Truly, the hopeless agreement of today (R-ARCSS), justifies the struggles of the National Salvation Front that through this, it will provide solutions to the root cause of the country’s problem which the forgotten forces of SPLM-IO in the jungles of South Sudan desperately need.

The story of the circulated video is completely fabricated and unfounded.

It could only be in the minds of the promoters of such wrong ideas who suffer from the curse of betrayal and loss in the midst of dark and deadly politics. Inevitably one day, the National Salvation Front will be their true savior from this political turmoil, which Dr. Riek Machar and his close elite took the price for, indifferent to our people’s rights to live in dignity.

This shame cannot be covered up with cheap propaganda or any act of villainous actions that the SPLM-IO has defended it by clinging to the chairs of shame. The situation that motivated some of its patriotic members to go out and leave the train of shame led by Dr. Machar today, to go to hell.

The organization that defends the right of the people is well known by its nationalistic positions towards the people, but not by cheap propaganda just as the SPLM-IO has used to introduce itself by, from time to time as fake and monopolized organization as its leader Dr. Riek Machar and his elites, that due to their political follies, has turned its forgotten forces in the jungles of South Sudan into bandits and partners of the regime in all crimes.

Unfortunately, this is what the SPLM-IO is doing today through its forgotten affiliates and those who have lost the compass, who we sincerely call on them to free themselves from the illusions of their movement led by Riek Machar, who betrayed them in the daytime situation and left them facing an unknown fate.

It is our revolutionary duty to call them to return back to their senses, which the leader SPLM-IO Dr. Riek Machar has rebated it through mocked position and funny ranks to serve his personal agenda. Thus it is advisable for them to join the National Salvation Revolution led by Gen. Thomas Cirillo Swaka which has its roots, firmly rooted in the soil of our country through determination of its members in defending the will of the people of South Sudan for change and strive to achieve a bright future for the next generations. The truth is, that SPLM-IO has betrayed the cause of the people of South Sudan in order for its leaders to sit on chairs of shame.

The author is a member of the National Salvation Front (NAS) led by General Thomas Cirilo Swaka. 


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

Poaching is the biggest threat to wildlife in South Sudan

By Beek Mabior

Elephants cross the plains of the Boma-Jonglei landscape in South Sudan.[Photo by Paul Elkan and Jeremy Gustafson]

Elephants cross the plains of the Boma-Jonglei landscape in South Sudan.[Photo by Paul Elkan and Jeremy Gustafson]

OPINION – The significance of wildlife to humankind on earth is undeniable. Wildlife are greatest source of revenues to the government and citizenry due to the money that are generated from tourism industry. In many countries across the world. Wildlife are well protected from illegal poaching from poachers that don’t entirely understand the benefits that the countries can get from wildlife. They poachers don’t know that wildlife is a greatest source of revenue for a nation. In many continents such as America, Europe, Canada and Asia. Wildlife are safeguard from poaching and they governments of those continents have put in place tough penalties against poaching in order to protect the animals from unlawful poaching.  Furthermore, South Sudan is a country endowed with millions of wildlife and they’ve existed for centuries.

Despite many decades of endless civil wars, the wildlife of South Sudan has continued to endure the challenging environment of civil conflict and illegal poaching. Moreover, for many years, the wildlife in South Sudan has faced immense hardships from poachers. Our wildlife has continued to stay in South Sudan without migrating in large numbers to sisterly bordering countries in Africa. They’ve stay in South Sudan despite the fact that they’ve been subjected to non-stop poaching and that is very unfortunate indeed. Additionally, the endless humans and animals’ conflicts have engineered huge challenges to our wildlife in South Sudan. Many wildlife are also victims of the civil wars. Many animals have been killed by people during conflict for their survival or accidentally.

Furthermore, there are many motives why poachers killed wildlife. The major reason is to get food and animals’ products such as lucrative elephants’ tusks and rhinos’ horns for sell. The poaching of wildlife and illegal business in animals’ products are almost causing extinction of some animals across our country. The illegal poaching in South Sudan has caused massive problems for wildlife. Additionally, South Sudan is rich in wildlife and she has the world second largest animals’ migration in Upper Nile Region. South Sudan has different types of animals such as lion, giraffe, elephant, rhino, zebra, hippopotamus and etc. moreover, South Sudan has many national parks such as Boma national park, Nimule national park, Southern national park, Badingilo national park, Shambe national park and many more across the country plus game reserves.

In addition to that, according to various reports and assessments done by different wildlife organization such as WCS and South Sudan wildlife Service. They’ve reported huge decrease in elephant and giraffe populations in South Sudan. according to WCS and South Sudan Wildlife Service, they’ve reported “an elephant population of 2,300 in the country prior to the civil war, which began in December2013, down from an estimated 79,000 in the 1970’s. Elephants face continued and expanded threats. Giraffe are in very low numbers –down from some 13,000 in the early 1980’s to only hundreds remaining now and at risk of local extinction. Migratory tiang and other antelopes are vulnerable due to annual migration between Badingilo National Park and the Sudd”.So as you can see from the above report, our wildlife faced deadly threat of extinction from poachers and I’d like to urge our government and international development partners to come up with urgent effective and efficient policy to protect our national heritage from extinction.

Furthermore, the wildlife seems to have no huge benefit to the country at the moment but in the future, they’ll benefit the generations of South Sudan once the poaching and endless civil wars end in the near future entirely. They wildlife will bring much needed revenues to our country just like Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa which earn billions of dollars in revenues annually from tourism sector. They’ve profit from their wildlife massively and we need to take an example from them. And for instance, wildlife tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner in Kenya and the countrygenerate up to Ksh 75.2 billionyearly. South Africa and Tanzania also generate billions in their national currencies. South Sudan have an immense potential of tourism and hospitality industries and in the coming future, our country will attract millions of tourists and that’ll lead to massive revenues and richness to tourism and hospitality sectors.

Revenues from tourism industry in the future will be second or even first than that of oil and non-oil revenues in South Sudan. We cannot perhaps believe that at the moment, but believe me, we’ll surely profitfrom wildlife in the coming future. The civil warshave prevented our country to benefit from wildlife and the national parks and game reserves are rudimentary, lacking hotels, lodges, visiting tourists and roads. There’re no important tourism’s activities going on in South Sudan at the moment. The national parks and game reserves are not receiving any international and domestic tourists. Hence, there’re no revenues that are generate from tourism industry. There’re many challenges facing animals and our wildlife heritage is in danger in South Sudan. moreover, there’re many national parks and game reserves across the country and we need to fully maintained and put sufficient security in those national parks and game reserves in order to protect our wildlife from poachers.

Additionally, on the positive note, there’re many other international organizations such as Britain-based Fauna & Flora international which is assisting some national parks such as Southern park by teaching rangers and community members on how to use GPS, set camera traps and to create sustainable practices in order to safeguard the national park effectively and efficiently from poachers. Moreover, it is also reported that they’re trying to help our country to develop conservation tourism as an alternative source of revenue. The United States of America through USAID is helping in wildlife conservation in South Sudan. Also, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) are doing an excellent job despite the huge threat from poaching. Finally, the Ministry of wildlife and South Sudan wildlife serviceare doing their very best to protect wildlife in South Sudan despite the problem of poaching from poachers.

However, more efforts are needed.Wildlife’s protection need collective effort and responsibility of all citizenry, government and international development partners. And we as South Sudan Environmental Advocates (SSEA) are doing what we can to assist in raising awareness, sensitization and protection of our lovely wildlife heritage. We need to safeguard our South Sudan’s natural heritage which is crucial for our country and wildlife.Wildlife’s revenues can improve livelihoods, employability and lead to sustainable development in South Sudan. let protect our wildlife from illegal poaching and together we’ll certainly benefit from wildlife tourism’s revenues in the coming future in South Sudan. South Sudanese people have no civil war with wildlife and poachers need to know that. So let protect our wildlife for future’s economic profitability and sustainability.

The author is the National Project Coordinator of South Sudan Environmental Advocates (SSEA) and can be reached via his Email: beekmabior2020ssea@gmail.com Web: www.sseasouthsudan.org


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

Towards a service-oriented and borderless University

By John Akec

Vice-Chancellor of the University of Juba Professor John Akech [Photo via Facebook]

Vice-Chancellor of the University of Juba Professor John Akech [Photo via Facebook]

OPINION – The University of Juba was founded in 1975 on a simple, yet powerful idea of ‘relevance’ – the imperative of addressing itself to tackling the pressing societal needs of the time. Hence, from the late 1970s, and throughout the 1980s, the University of Juba sought to train civil servants for the then autonomous government of Southern Sudan. The initial focus of the studies was on education, natural and environmental studies, social and economic studies, adult education and training, and later, medicine.

These were areas of great priority for Southern Sudan. And beginning around 1997, our University started to expand horizontally to offer programmes in diverse professional fields such as law, engineering, business and management, arts and humanities, fine arts, music, and drama. By early 2000, a number of specialized centres were established that included centres of peace and development studies, languages and translation, computer studies, geographical information systems, and diploma programmes covering a wealth of subject areas. And from 2015 to present day, we have added more schools, institutes, and specialized centres. These include: School of Public Service (SPS), School of Mathematics, School of Journalism, Media & Communication Studies, School of Veterinary Sciences, Kuajok Community College, and Graduate College responsible for coordinating the postgraduate programmes across the entire University.

What’s more, the University launched the National Transformational Leadership Institute (NTLI) by 2016, followed by upgrading the Centre of Peace and Development Studies to Institute of Peace, Development, and Security Studies (IPDSS) in 2017. As a result of recent expansions, our student and teaching staff populations have risen from 10,000 students and 291 academic staff in March 2014 to 24,000 students and 800 academic staff in September 2020 respectively. About 2,000 of the student population are postgraduates. This is the highest number of students and academic staff our University has ever recorded since teaching began in October 1977. It is welcome news which will inevitably pose its own challenges in forms of additional spaces for teaching the increased class sizes, and recruitment of additional faculty to teach new curricula. Such ‘externalities’ are inevitable and will have to be managed with creativity and wisdom they deserve.

And that is not all. In academic year starting January 2021, the University of Juba is planning to launch new schools that include School of Petroleum and Minerals; School of Architecture, Land Management, Regional and Urban Planning; School of Medical Laboratory Sciences; School Public Health & Nursing; and School of Pharmacy. New centres will include a Centre for Law Development at the School of Law, and Centre for Laboratory Technicians Training at the School of Education. The Deans’ Board has also agreed to launch evening undergraduate programmes in law, business and management, social and economic studies, and computer science and information technology starting this academic year 2020/2021.

Furthermore, a new multidisciplinary master of science in entrepreneurship will be launched in this academic year. Areas of focus include agribusiness, environmental innovation, financial innovation, and social entrepreneurship. This master’s programme is being supported by a grant from Regional Universities for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) as part of its community outreach programme that aims at enhancing food and nutritional security, improving agricultural value chain, beefing up local agro-industries, and transfer of agri-technologies. It also aims at creating self-employment opportunities for women and youth.

Moreover, the School of Public Service is planning to team up with the University of Warwick and Open University of UK on the one hand; and the Ministry of Public Service on the other hand, to launch capacity building programme for government officials. A pilot project launch is in the pipeline.

To conclude, Charles R. Van Hise who served as President of the University of Wisconsin in Madison from 1903 to 1918, once declared at the start of his tenure: “I shall never be content until the beneficent influence of the university reaches every family of the state…the borders of the campus are boundaries of the state.” That declaration he called ‘the Wisconsin Idea.’ This ‘Wisconsin Idea” was emulated by others and became the defining feature of the American university model to this day.

If anything, this historical note from American land-grant university gives us every confidence to continue along the path we long began to chart.

The author is an academic and the vice-chancellor of the University of Juba. He can be reached here


The views expressed in the ‘OPINIONS & ANALYSIS’ section of the Sudans Post are solely the opinions of the writers. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the author not this website. If you want to submit an opinion piece or an analysis please email us here.

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